Grand Council Treaty #3’s overall goal is the protection, preservation and enhancement of Treaty and Aboriginal rights.

The Grand Council Treaty #3 existed in the territory of the Anishinaabe Nation, key to Canadian Confederation in that the British wanted to plan a route between Fort Garry and Fort William (now Winnipeg, MB and Thunder Bay, ON respectively).

Grand Council Treaty #3 was planned to be the first post-Confederation treaty, but the Anishinaabe held firm that they would not cede lands, nor allow farming or settlement, in their territory. On October 3, 1873, the 55,000 square miles of territory agreed to be shared between the Anishinaabe and the British.

The Chiefs negotiated, among other things, that British “business” would be allowed within the entire territory, and that both the land and resources would be shared between Anishinaabe and the British as “brothers.”

Grand Council Treaty #3 is 55,000 sq. miles spanning from west of Thunder Bay to north of Sioux Lookout, along the international border, to the province of Manitoba.

It is made up of 28 First Nation communities, with a total population of approximately 25,000.



Our Communities

Animakee Wa Zhing 37 First Nation
Chief Linda McVicar

Asubpeeschoseewagong First Nation
(Grassy Narrows)

Chief Randy Fobister

Buffalo Point First Nation
Hereditary Chief John Thunder
Representative Chief Andrea Camp

Couchiching First Nation
Chief Brian Perrault

Iskatewizaagegan 39 Independent First Nation
Chief Gerald Lewis

Lac des Mille Lacs First Nation
Chief Judy WhiteCloud

Lac La Croix First Nation
Chief Michael Ottertail

Lac Seul First Nation
Chief Clifford Bull

Migisi Sahgaigan First Nation
(Eagle Lake)

Chief Arnold Gardner

Mishkosiminiziibiing First Nation
(Big Grassy River)

Chief Lynn Indian

Mitaanjigamiing First Nation
Chief Janice Henderson

Naicatchewenin First Nation
(Northwest Bay)

Chief Wayne Smith

Naongashiing First Nation
(Big Island)

Chief Wesley Big George

Naotkamegwanning First Nation
(Whitefish Bay)

Chief Howard Kabestra

Nigigoonsiminikaaning First Nation
(Red Gut)

Chief Will Windigo

Niisaachewan Anishinaabe Nation

Chief Lorraine Cobiness

Northwest Angle 33 First Nation
Chief Darlene Comegan

Ojibways of Onigaming First Nation

Chief Jeffrey Copenace

Rainy River First Nations
(Manitou Rapids)

Chief Rob McGinnis

Sagkeeng First Nation
Chief Derrick Henderson

Ojibway Nation of Saugeen
Chief Edward Machimity

Seine River First Nation
Chief Carrie Boshkaykin

Shoal Lake 40 First Nation
Chief Vernon Redsky

Waabigonii Zaaga’igan
Wabigoon Lake Ojibway Nation
Chief Clayton Wetelainen

Wabaseemoong Independent Nations

Chief Waylon Scott

Wabauskang First Nation
Chief Bill Petiquan

Washagamis Bay First Nation
Chief Vernon Copenace

Wauzhushk Onigum Nation
(Rat Portage)

Chief Chris Skead

Our Territory

Ogichidaa Francis Kavanaugh Grand Chief Grand Council Treaty #3

Ogichidaa Kavanaugh is from the Sturgeon clan of Naotkamegwanning First Nation where he resides with his wife of 49 years, Betty, along with his four children and seven grandchildren.

Ogichidaa Kavanaugh can be reached by contacting his Political Executive Assistant, Kristine Reynard at (807) 464-4770.

Francis Kavanaugh was re-elected as Grand Chief “Ogichidaa” of the Anishinaabe Nation in Treaty #3 by a Traditional Selection Process on October 1, 2019. This is the first time a Grand Chief was selected for a third term to serve the citizens of Grand Council Treaty #3. Ogichidaa Kavanaugh from Naotkamegwanning First Nation is currently serving his second consecutive term and his third term all together.

Ogichidaa Kavanaugh was honoured by the traditional selection process, and acknowledges the trust and responsibility placed on him by the leadership of Treaty #3. Ogichidaa Kavanaugh has been involved with Grand Council Treaty #3 for over 40 years, and previously served as Grand Chief of Grand Council Treaty #3 from 1997-1999 during which time he was instrumental in the Treaty #3 Governance Initiative.

Throughout his career, Francis has held a variety of positions within the Nation including, Executive Director at Grand Council Treaty #3, Ojibway Tribal Family Services and a few terms on Council in his home community of Naotkamegwanning.

Ogichidaa Kavanaugh commits to working with the administration and the leadership of Grand Council Treaty #3 to address current challenges of mental health and addiction, housing, policing, child welfare and educational inequities facing member First Nation communities, while honouring our sacred responsibilities to the land and the water.

Councils advising Treaty #3 Anishinaabe Nation

Councils are a very important part of the governance structure of Grand Council Treaty #3. They bring the history of the past and the knowledge of the future. They are also the connection to ensure balance and equality for Gitiziminan (Elders), Gaagiidoo-Ikwewag (Women), Oshkiniigig (Youth) and Mamawichi-Gabowitaa-Ininiwag (Men) in the Treaty #3 Anishinaabe Nation.

Each Council consists of Treaty #3 Anishinaabe members elected through a traditional selection process which represent each of the four (4) directions for their expertise, skills and traditional knowledge. Their primary role is to bring the history, unique needs and most importantly, the voice of Elders, Women, Men and Youth from the people, to the people.


Elder’s Council

Elders within the Anishinabe Nation in Treaty #3 are the foundation of the communities and collectively are necessary to guide and direct leadership for a strong, accountable and transparent government.



Youth Council

Liam George, Naongashiing
Winter Lipscombe, Wauzhushk Onigum
Kayla Morrison, Ojibways of Onigaming
Ernie Cobiness Jr., Buffalo Point

Oshkiniigig (Youth Council) represent the past, present and future of the Anishinaabe Nation in Treaty #3. The voice and meaningful involvement of youth complete the circle of traditional governance.

Visit our Page: Youth Initiative



Women’s Council

Anita Collins, Seine River
Catherine Green, Shoal Lake #40
Mona Gordon, Obishikokaang (Lac Seul)
Priscilla Simard, Couchiching

The Gaagiidoo-Ikwewag (Women’s Council) within the Anishinaabe Nation of Treaty #3 represents the unique needs and aspirations of Anishinaabe women in the territory.



Men’s Council

Andrew Johnson, Seine River
Daryl Redsky, Shoal Lake #40
Nathaniel Councillor, Naicatchewenin
Bill Petiquan, Wabauskang

The Mamawichi-Gabowitaa-Ininiwag (Men’s Council) within the Anishinaabe Nation of Treaty #3 represents the needs of and aspirations of the Anishinaabe men in the territory.

Treaty #3 Chief Committees


Chief Randy Fobister (Chair)
Chief Bill Petiquan (Co-Chair)
Chief Michael Ottertail
Chief Brian Perrault
Chief Wesley Big George
Chief Howard Kabestra
Chief Linda McVicar

Issue Categories: Health, Childcare, Social Services, Education & Training


Chief Will Windigo (Chair)
Chief Arnold Gardner (Co-Chair)
Chief Vernon Redsky
Chief Rob McGinnis
Chief Gerald Lewis
Chief Waylon Scott
Chief Lorraine Cobiness

Issue Categories: Water, Mining, Forestry, Land Management, Medicines, Trapping, Hunting, Fishing, Climate Change


Chief Lynn Indian (Chair)
Chief Jeffrey Copenace (Co-Chair)
Chief Chris Skead
Chief Carrie Boshkaykin
Chief Clifford Bull
Chief Andrea Camp
Chief Edward Machimity

Issue Categories: TARR, Indian Residential Schools, History, Sports & Recreation, Citizenship, Justice & Policing, Parks & Museums, Anishinaabemowin, Arts


Chief Derrick Henderson (Chair)
Chief Darlene Comegan (Co-Chair)
Chief Vernon Copenace
Chief Clayton Wetelainen
Chief Judy Whitecloud
Chief Wayne Smith
Chief Janice Henderson

Issue Categories: Small Business, T3 Investment Group, Infrastructure, Housing, Energy, Trade